What is NRC?
The NRC is a list of all citizens domiciled in Assam and is currently being updated to retain bonafide citizens within the state and to expel immigrants illegally came from Bangladesh. Citizenship is being identified in Assam for the first time since 1951 because of a large number of people living illegally in the state. In the year 2018, 40.37 lakh people out of 3.29 crore people were not included in the NRC list. Now, the final NRC list will include the names of those people who are citizens of Assam or their parents came here and settled before March 24, 1971.
The final list of the government’s National Register of Citizens (NRC) was published on Saturday (31 August). It’s the list of all houses, alongside the names and number of people residing in them, and their assets ostensibly meant to filter out illegal immigrants who have percolated through state’s porous border with Bangladesh.
On one hand, the publication of the NRC list marks the culmination of a process that practically started in May 2005 but had been stewing for much longer. On the other hand, it has impelled lakhs of Assam residents, who have been stripped off their citizenship by the stroke of a pen, into a legal quagmire. Those who are labelled ‘outsiders’ must defend their rights as Indian citizens in a court of law, or suffer deportation or detention.
People can check their names here: http://www.nrcassam.nic.in
This is when the Centre itself had admitted that there was a possibility that the process of determining the state resident’s legal claim to citizenship may not have been foolproof. The Centre and the Assam government had sought permission for sample re-verification to find out wrongful inclusions and exclusions of persons in the NRC, which was to be published by 31 July. On 23 July, the top court had extended the deadline for publication of the final NRC by a month to 31 August while rejecting the pleas seeking permission for 20 percent sample re-verification.
The NRC, which is being updated in the state for the first time since 1951 following a long-standing demand from the indigenous population, is a result of the six-year-long Assam agitation in the 1980s, a massacre that claimed lives of almost 3,000 people (mostly Bengali Muslims), a bloody bout of violence in state that warranted imposition of controversial Armed Forces Special Powers Act in state, a peace accord signed between indigenous people and the Union of India, and several nudges from the Supreme Court of India.